A unique setting
Historic and Artistic Heritage
This town, which was declared an Historic-Artistic Site in 1982, has three thousand years of history. It was a commercial centre with the Tartessians and a place of great importance during the Roman Era – Ilipla. It gained prestige with the Visigoths and, in 713, it was occupied by the Moors. Niebla has many things that contribute to its fame. The remains of its red walls, from the 12th century, are some of the best preserved in Spain. During the siege it experienced, gunpowder was used for military purposes for the first time in the West. You simply have to visit Niebla.
Spanish Denomination of Origin
Condado de Huelva is a Spanish winemaking Denomination of Origin that legally includes the ageing and commercialisation of the wines produced in the Andalusian areas of the El Condado. This winemaking area is located in the south-east of the Province of Huelva and its historic name is the Condado de Niebla. The region has enjoyed especially rural activity (with the cultivation of grains, olive trees, vines, strawberries and other red fruits) although thanks to wine it has also developed a commercial facet. In terms of traditional products and apart from wine, highlights include handicrafts (hats, flutes, small drums, carriages), textiles and embroidery such as the crotchet hook, cross stitch, bobbin lace and Manila shawls, candles, casks (many of which are exported to store Scottish malt whiskey) and ceramic pieces and baskets. Condado de Niebla produces renowned wines such as the Vinos del Descubrimiento de América.
21 towns where you can escape from the world
The El Andévalo region is located in the central area of the Province of Huelva and is formed by a total of 21 towns. The majority are small populations, many of which are nestled in the mining basin of Rio Tinto, with its Martian-style landscape. The most lively and modern is Valverde del Camino where visitors who enjoy handicrafts will be able to visit its footwear and furniture workshops. Gastronomy tourists will also be able to sample the rich products derived from Iberian pork and dishes made with mushrooms and game in many of these towns, but especially in El Almendro. This region also has places of interest for those who enjoy active tourism. This is the case with Calañas, which is a particularly attractive destination for visitors looking to enjoy hang gliding, hiking and horse riding.
The western coast and its unspoiled beaches
Light, peace and quiet, and unspoiled nature
The western coast of Huelva is a region comprised of the towns of Aljaraque, Ayamonte, Cartaya, Gibraleon, Isla Cristina, Lepe and Punta Umbría. It is located in the south-west of the province and borders the Metropolitan Region of Huelva to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the south, Portugal to the west, and the El Andévalo region to the north. Its environmental resources are of particular importance. Of these, we can highlight the following: the Marismas de Odial Natural Space, Marismas Isla Cristina Natural Space, Marismas del Río Piedras y Flecha del Rompido Natural Space and Marismas La Laguna del Portil Natural Space.
The Worker’s District
British legacy in Huelva
The Barrio Reina Victoria, which is more popularly known as the Worker’s District (Barrio Obrero), is a unique place within Huelva that stands as a testimony to an era from its past: the British presence that once occupied these lands in the exploitation of the province’s mining riches. Its singular architectural and urban characteristics grant it great originality within the geographical context of Andalusia. The importance of this residential area is huge: bearing in mind that it is nestled in a city that has lost many of its historical references and that now, with greater collective awareness, is defending the preservation of its historic heritage. Currently, the Barrio Reina Victoria covers an approximate area of 8.25 hectares. It has 274 homes, which are distributed across 88 buildings, meaning its population is less than 1000 people. Surrounded by the city and bordered by a retaining wall that provides it with a perimeter, it is situated on a platform that reaches a height difference of almost ten metres with some of the surrounding streets.
An American ecosystem
This river is known for the reddish colour of its water. This colouring has its origins in the weathering of minerals that contain heavy metal sulphurs found in the archaeological sites along the river. The mining basin of Río Tinto is a site with history dating back 3000 years to the first civilisations of the Phoenicians and the Tartessians, although it was the Romans who began its exploitation with more modern techniques that enabled them to obtain iron and copper. However, the real boom didn’t arrive until the middle of the 19th century when the mines were acquired by a British consortium: the Rio Tinto Company Limited. Río Tinto was chosen by the European Space Agency (ESA) to test technology for a journey to Mars at the end of April for the first European expedition to Mars. Over the course of a week tests were performed with the ‘Eurobot’ vehicle. Furthermore, an astronaut tried a new suit and new medical equipment that will monitor his health. The project was coordinated by the Centre for Astrobiology (CAB) and the Austrian Space Forum.
El Rocío and Almonte
Faith, tradition and culture
El Rocío is a town in the Almonte area. An important Marian pilgrimage, the Romería del Rocío, takes place here. The town has 1635 inhabitants although during the Pentecostés pilgrimage the number of visitors can reach approximately one million people. The first reference to a Marian shrine in this area dates back to the first half of the 14th century and it is found in the ‘Libro de montería’ by Alfonso XI, which mentions a “Sancta María de las Rocinas shrine.” In 1587, Baltasar Tercero Ruiz founded a chaplaincy at the shrine and in the middle of the 17th century the name was changed to Virgen del Rocío. The first brotherhoods were founded and Almonte proclaimed the virgin its patron saint.
Río Tinto Mining Park
A journey through mining history
The Mining Museum has an exhibition space that covers 1800 m2, divided into eight exhibition spaces that include the Reproduction of Roman Mining and the Ethnographic Section, House no. 21 in the Barrio Inglés de Bella Vista. The permanent exhibition presents the project undertaken by this foundation and an environmental and geological glance at the history of this region in relation to the exploitation of its mining resources. It has symbolic pieces, such as the Maharaja carriage, which is the most luxurious narrow-road carriage in the world and which was constructed for Queen Victoria and brought to Rio Tinto for a visit of Alfonso XIII. The Fundación Río Tinto has recovered 12 km of the old Rio Tinto commercial line. Visits can be enjoyed in restored locomotives and carriages from the old mining company’s mobile park, enabling visitors to take in the stunning scenery, such as the region’s old industrial centre and natural spaces, following the course of the Rio Tinto. The Peña de Hierro mine is located at the north-east end of the Rio Tinto anticline. This is a smaller mine than those of Rio Tinto but it has laws in rather heavy metals.
La Rábida: the caravels’ dock, Columbus monuments
Huelva: a land of discovery
The “Lugares Colombinos” is a tour that has been declared of historic and artistic interest in the Province of Huelva. It is based on the places in Andalusia that were particularly relevant in the preparation and undertaking of Christopher Columbus’ first voyage, which resulted in the discovery of America. Today, the Local Government of Andalusia is preparing the “Historic Site” declaration for the “Lugares Colombinos”. The process has also begun to declare it a World Heritage Site. Specifically, they are two sites: Palos de la Frontera (La Rábida Monastery) and Moguer. These places were frequented on multiple occasions by the admiral and it was here he received assistance and collaboration for the project he hoped to undertake. The Franciscans at La Rábida Monastery, the Pinzón brothers from Palos de la Frontera, the Niño brothers from Moguer and other prestigious mining families from the region participated greatly in the discovery.
Doñana is a protected natural space. It includes Doñana National Park (created in 1969) and Doñana Natural Space (created in 1989 and expanded in 1997). Its great expanse of marshlands are home to numerous species of aquatic birds in winter, with numbers usually reaching 200,000 each year. Due to its excellent geographical location between two continents and its proximity to the meeting point between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea (the Strait of Gibraltar), you can observe more than 300 different species of birds at Doñana as it is a passing, breeding and wintering place for thousands of them. Water birds from the west of Europe gather here, with endless species stationing themselves on the marshlands and surrounding areas, in addition to others from Africa. With different scientific institutions that monitor the appropriate development of the bordering regions and the conservation of some endangered species living here, this is considered the largest ecological reserve in Europe. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994.
Sierra de Aracena and Picos de Aroche
A Natural Park
Sierra de Aracena and Picos de Aroche Natural Park is located in the north of the Province of Huelva and it covers 186,000 hectares, comprising 28 different areas, meaning it is the second largest in Andalusia. The park is constituted by two mountainous arrangements, which lie to the north and south and are separated by a central depression where the basins of the Murtigas River and Rivera de Huelva, which are tributaries of the Guadiana and Guadalquivir respectively, are located. Slate and quartzite dominate. Some limestone disrupts the topography and has given rise to caves, including the Gruta de las Maravillas in Aracena, and crags such as the Peña de Arias Montano in Alájar.